Neuropathy is a basic term representing disruptions in the regular performance of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are diverse therefore is the treatment. Lots of a times, the neuropathy is practically irreversible and the treatment is mainly concentrated on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are mainly treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or might not entirely reverse the neuropathy and ease the signs and in numerous cases there is some long-term damage to nerves and persistent symptoms regardless of treatment.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based upon particular cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical approaches like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), regional injection of steroids in wrist, and preventing annoying elements like typing in wrong positions, use of hand tools etc. Surgery is also an option and is most typically alleviative if no long-term damage to nerve has already occurred if signs not eased by this method. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, caused by lack of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is mainly encouraging.
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the allergen food item causing neuropathy. There might be some specific treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can usually be avoided by providing here pyridoxine along with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy.